Karl Marx on Free Time – Time for the Full Development of the Individual

To justify the upcoming three-week blogcation, I turned to Karl Marx:

“The saving of labour time [is] equal to an increase of free time, i.e. time for the full development of the individual, which in turn reacts back upon the productive power of labour as itself the greatest productive power. From the standpoint of the direct production process it can be regarded as the production of fixed capital, this fixed capital being man himself. It goes without saying, by the way, that direct labour time itself cannot remain in the abstract antithesis to free time in which it appears from the perspective of bourgeois economy… Free time – which is both idle time and time for higher activity – has naturally transformed its possessor into a different subject, and he then enters into the direct production process as this different subject. This process is then both discipline, as regards the human being in the process of becoming; and, at the same time, practice [Ausübung], experimental science, materially creative and objectifying science, as regards the human being who has become, in whose head exists the accumulated knowledge of society.”                                                                                                                                                   (Karl Marx, Grundrisse, Notebook VII)

Marx, Karl. 1993. Grundrisse: Foundations of the Critique of Political Economy. Penguin

See also the analysis and resonant call by Prof. Eva Swidler: To restore a social world and to retain the commons, the Working Class has to rebuild a shared culture of leisure.

We shall resume our discussions in early November.

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One Response to Karl Marx on Free Time – Time for the Full Development of the Individual

  1. Pingback: BITS & BRIEFS: Pressures of employability // Debt in academic life // Homo Economicus is a man // Funding religion // Racial inequality | Economic Sociology and Political Economy

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