Tag Archives: varieties of capitalism

David Ricardo: What is the Key Problem in Political Economy?

David Ricardo (1772 – 1823) was a prominent classical economist who gave systematized form to the rising discipline of economics, rightly termed then as political economy. The opening paragraph of his book On The Principles of Political Economy and Taxation (1817) contributes to this endeavour … Continue reading

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What is Political Economy? It is Essentially a Historical Science

In December 1867 a German positivist philosopher and economist Eugen Dührings published a critical review of Karl Marx’s Capital. Dühring, inter alia, disapproved the Marxist labour theory of value and asserted, based on his own concept of “ethics of sympathy”, that a dichotomy between … Continue reading

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Neoliberalism and the political economy of corporate governance

Major corporate frauds and scandals since the early 2000s (e.g. WorldcCom, Enron, Arthur Andersen, Bear Stearns, Lehman Brothers) and the 2008 financial crisis have not just exposed the inherent destructiveness of the neoliberal economy and economics, but also turned the crucially important spotlight towards … Continue reading

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The politics of fiscal policies: the lessons of history

Throughout the recent years of the crisis, the EU bodies and the German leaders have constantly oppressed Greece. They have pushed Greek people towards the abyss of austerity in the name of “fiscal responsibility” and “self-evident economic truths”. But essentially, it is … Continue reading

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Democracy matters: the extension of the franchise and its impact on financial systems

For centuries, voting rights were limited to wealthy elites, aristocrats, and landlords. For instance,  the electorate in England and Wales in 1780 consisted of less than 3% of the total population. Suffrage reforms, enacted during the late 19th and the 20th … Continue reading

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Community Capitalism in China: the State, the Market, and Collectivism

“Planning and market forces are not the essential difference between socialism and capitalism. A planned economy is not the definition of socialism, because there is planning under capitalism; the market economy happens under socialism, too. Planning and market forces are … Continue reading

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From Socialism to Neoliberalism: the case of Central Eastern European countries

The transition from communism or socialism to capitalism has proved to be a rockier road than many in the West (think of Fukuyama as an example) anticipated. The degree and character of challenges that countries faced during the transition depended … Continue reading

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The collapse of Ireland’s Celtic Tiger: an incredible story of corporatism, neoliberalism and globalization run amok

In 2008 Ireland experienced one of the most dramatic economic crises of any economy in the world. It remains at the heart of the international crisis, sitting uneasily between the US and European economies. Not long ago, however, Ireland was … Continue reading

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Latin American capitalism: multinational corporations, business groups, low skills and segmented labor markets

In the course of the last three decades, tectonic changes have occurred in much of Latin America: Many authoritarian governments have been replaced by democracies, and ‘free-market’ principles have supplanted many of the policies of the past. But the redevelopment … Continue reading

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Industry agreements increase wages for low-skilled workers, while company agreements increase medium- and high-skilled wages

The impact of the development of modern systems of collective bargaining on the structure of wages in the post-socialist economies of Central Europe remains largely unexplored. This (open access) article seeks to fill this gap. Using a large, matched employer-employee … Continue reading

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