Tag Archives: institutions

The politics of fiscal policies: the lessons of history

Throughout the recent years of the crisis, the EU bodies and the German leaders have constantly oppressed Greece. They have pushed Greek people towards the abyss of austerity in the name of “fiscal responsibility” and “self-evident economic truths”. But essentially, it is … Continue reading

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Law and labor in the American political economy

In 1906, a German distinguished (somewhat neglected) economist and sociologist Werner Sombart published Why is there no Socialism in the United States? – a book which will become a famous work on American exceptionalism in this respect to this day.  There are a number of … Continue reading

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Economic Consequences of Neoliberalism: Coping with Financial Crises

John Maynard Keynes: “The power to become habituated to his surroundings is a marked characteristic of mankind. Very few of us realize with conviction the intensely unusual, unstable, complicated, unreliable, temporary nature of the economic organization by which Western Europe … Continue reading

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Economic culture in the public sphere: practice, knowledge and discourse

“Economic Culture in the Public Sphere” is the topic of the European Journal of Sociology special issue, edited by Nina Bandelj, Lyn Spillman & Frederick F. Wherry. This very interesting issue deals with the important question of how public understandings of … Continue reading

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Emile Durkheim’s definition of Economic Sociology

Emil Durkheim’s precisely short and comprehensively rich definition of Economic Sociology: “There are the economic institutions: institutions relating to the production of wealth (serfdom, tenant farming, corporate organization, production in factories, in mills, at home, and so on), institutions relating … Continue reading

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Democracy matters: the extension of the franchise and its impact on financial systems

For centuries, voting rights were limited to wealthy elites, aristocrats, and landlords. For instance,  the electorate in England and Wales in 1780 consisted of less than 3% of the total population. Suffrage reforms, enacted during the late 19th and the 20th … Continue reading

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Free trade politics, the power of ideas and political economy of European integration

“The bourgeoisie… has resolved personal worth into exchange value, and in place of the numberless indefeasible chartered freedoms, has set up that single, unconscionable freedom—Free Trade. In one word, for exploitation, veiled by religious and political illusions, it has substituted … Continue reading

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Community Capitalism in China: the State, the Market, and Collectivism

“Planning and market forces are not the essential difference between socialism and capitalism. A planned economy is not the definition of socialism, because there is planning under capitalism; the market economy happens under socialism, too. Planning and market forces are … Continue reading

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Credit makes you free! Neoliberalism, politics of debt and the subjugation of the working poor

Under the rubric of ‘financial inclusion’, lending to the poor – in both the global North and global South – has become a highly lucrative and rapidly expanding industry since the 1990s. A key inquiry of Susanne Soederberg’s penetrating and … Continue reading

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From Socialism to Neoliberalism: the case of Central Eastern European countries

The transition from communism or socialism to capitalism has proved to be a rockier road than many in the West (think of Fukuyama as an example) anticipated. The degree and character of challenges that countries faced during the transition depended … Continue reading

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