On September 17, 2011 thousands of women and men gathered in Zuccotti Park, located in New York City’s Wall Street financial district. It was a day when Occupy Wall Street (#OccupyWallStreet) movement was publicly born, gradually receiving global attention and spawning the grassroots protests against social and economic inequality all over the US. But how did this historic event actually start?
The original protest was initiated by Kalle Lasn and Micah White, editors of a Canadian anti-consumerist and pro-environment magazine Adbusters. The idea was to have a peaceful occupation of Wall Street to protest against corporate influence on democracy, a growing disparity in wealth as a result of neoliberalism, and the absence of legal repercussions behind the recent global financial crisis. They sought to combine the symbolic location of the 2011 protests in Cairo’s Tahrir Square with the consensus decision-making of the 2011 Spanish protests (Movimiento 15-M).
On June 9, Adbusters tweeted its subscribers “America needs its own Tahrir acampada. Imagine 20,000 people taking over Wall Street indefinitely”. In mid July, as Adbusters‘ senior editor Micah White told, they floated the idea via their email list and it was spontaneously taken up and it quickly spread online with help from the hacker group Anonymous.
See, and feel, below (pasted from the Adbusters website) the full text of this inspiring message — the original email that sparked Occupy Wall Street movement and defied the (corporatized and financialized) world.
Yes, Zuccotti Park encampment was dismantled and demonstrators were dispersed. But I believe that Occupy Wall Street was not just a moment in history; rather it was the movement of history, it is history in the making.
A worldwide shift in revolutionary tactics is underway right now that bodes well for the future. The spirit of this fresh tactic, a fusion of Tahrir with the acampadas of Spain, is captured in this quote:
“The antiglobalization movement was the first step on the road. Back then our model was to attack the system like a pack of wolves. There was an alpha male, a wolf who led the pack, and those who followed behind. Now the model has evolved. Today we are one big swarm of people.”— Raimundo Viejo, Pompeu Fabra University, Barcelona, Spain
The beauty of this new formula, and what makes this novel tactic exciting, is its pragmatic simplicity: we talk to each other in various physical gatherings and virtual people’s assemblies … we zero in on what our one demand will be, a demand that awakens the imagination and, if achieved, would propel us toward the radical democracy of the future … and then we go out and seize a square of singular symbolic significance and put our asses on the line to make it happen.
The time has come to deploy this emerging stratagem against the greatest corrupter of our democracy: Wall Street, the financial Gomorrah of America.
On September 17, we want to see 20,000 people flood into lower Manhattan, set up tents, kitchens, peaceful barricades and occupy Wall Street for a few months. Once there, we shall incessantly repeat one simple demand in a plurality of voices.
Tahrir succeeded in large part because the people of Egypt made a straightforward ultimatum – that Mubarak must go – over and over again until they won. Following this model, what is our equally uncomplicated demand?
The most exciting candidate that we’ve heard so far is one that gets at the core of why the American political establishment is currently unworthy of being called a democracy: we demand that Barack Obama ordain a Presidential Commission tasked with ending the influence money has over our representatives in Washington. It’s time for DEMOCRACY NOT CORPORATOCRACY, we’re doomed without it.
This demand seems to capture the current national mood because cleaning up corruption in Washington is something all Americans, right and left, yearn for and can stand behind. If we hang in there, 20,000-strong, week after week against every police and National Guard effort to expel us from Wall Street, it would be impossible for Obama to ignore us. Our government would be forced to choose publicly between the will of the people and the lucre of the corporations.
This could be the beginning of a whole new social dynamic in America, a step beyond the Tea Party movement, where, instead of being caught helpless by the current power structure, we the people start getting what we want whether it be the dismantling of half the 1,000 military bases America has around the world to the reinstatement of the Glass-Steagall Act or a three strikes and you’re out law for corporate criminals. Beginning from one simple demand – a presidential commission to separate money from politics – we start setting the agenda for a new America.
Post a comment and help each other zero in on what our one demand will be. And then let’s screw up our courage, pack our tents and head to Wall Street with a vengeance September 17.
for the wild,
Culture Jammers HQ
For elaborated, inside, and fascinating accounts of Occupy Wall Street read these books:
— Bray, Mark. 2013. Translating Anarchy: The Anarchism of Occupy Wall Street. Zero Books
— Gitlin, Todd. 2012. Occupy Nation: The Roots, the Spirit, and the Promise of Occupy Wall Street. IT Books.
— Gould-Wartofsky, Michael. 2015. The Occupiers: The Making of the 99 Percent Movement. Oxford University Press
— Graeber, David. 2013. The Democracy Project: A History, a Crisis, a Movement. Spiegel & Grau.
— Schneider, Nathan. 2013. Thank You, Anarchy: Notes from the Occupy Apocalypse. University of California Press.
— White, Micah. 2016. The End of Protest: A New Playbook for Revolution. Knopf.